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Zygmunt Padlewski was born in a mansion in Czerniawka Mała, Russian-partitioned Poland (now Ukraine) on January 1, 1836. His parents assured that he had a good education and, as a youth, he learned to speak Polish, Ukrainian, Russian, and French. In St. Petersburg he was a member of the underground Polish officer organization.He was quickly promoted to lieutenant after service with the horse guards at Novgorod. In 1861 he emigrated to France to train anti-czarist Polish exiles. At the Paris Society of Polish Youth and at the Polish Military School he served as a military instructor and taught mathematics, strategy, tactics, artillery, and military history.  In 1862 he returned to Warsaw, Poland, and further helped plan the uprising set for spring of 1863. He also pushed for the abolition of serfdom. When the January Uprising was set into motion, Padlewski was appointed general and took command of Polish insurgents in Warsaw and in the Płock Governorate. He was a member of the Provisional National Government.He led his troops and they skirmished with czarist forces near Myszyniec. It is in this area, near Radzanów, the commander of the insurgents hid Zygmunt Padlewski with his division after Padlewski’s defeat at Myszyniec.Padlewski was ordered to return to Warsaw after this defeat, and, while in route, on 21 April, he was arrested and placed in jail in Płock. There, Padlewski, who was now only 28 years old, was court marshaled by Russian authorities and sentenced to death by firing squad. On May 15, 1863, he was transported through the streets of Płock to the execution place. The Polish population who lined the street watched and “women threw bouquets of flowers from the windows, so that the whole road was strewn with roses and violets.”


Gimnazjum nr 5
im. Zygmunta
ul. Królowej Jadwigi 4
09 - 400 Płock

+48 (24) 366 89 00

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